California's 2021–2025 Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP)

A Five-Year Plan for Increasing Park Access, Community-Based Planning, and Health Partnerships Through Grants

The SCORP was driven by 37 Public Focus Groups with over 500 community residents and university students statewide, who shared their ideas for making parks and recreation services a greater solution for health and wellness.

Youth Planners for Campus Park in Oxnard.

Welcome to California's 2021–2025 SCORP

This five-year plan for grants is produced by the California Department of Parks and Recreation's Community Engagement Division — Office of Grants and Local Services (OGALS).

Since 1965, over 7,580 parks throughout California have been created or improved with grants administered by OGALS. This includes over 1,000 parks in California funded through the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Currently, more than 700 local agencies partner with OGALS in an effort to improve the health and wellness of California's 40 million residents by providing close to home park access.

parksforcalifornia.org/scorp

OGALS GRANTS: parks.ca.gov/grants

Email: SCORP@parks.ca.gov

OGALS street address:

California Department of Parks and Recreation
Office of Grants and Local Services
1416 Ninth Street, Room 918
Sacramento, CA 95814

Table of Contents

Introduction
Executive Summary
The California Department of Parks and Recreation
Park Partners Responding to Park Needs
Who Owns Park Land in California
California's Vision for Park Equity: Transforming Park Access Data and Technology
California Protected Area Database (CPAD)
Park Access Tool
Community FactFinder
Prioritizing Projects for Local Assistance Grant Programs such as the LWCF
2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for Using Geospatial Technology to Identify Park Access Priorities

Designing Parks Using Community-Based Planning Methods
Three-Step Public Engagement Model
Historical Significance of Statewide Park Program Community-Based Planning
2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for Designing Parks Using Community-Based Planning
37 Focus Groups Statewide: Methods and Findings
Seven SCORP Advisory Council Focus Groups
Thirty Public Focus Groups
Health Partnerships
Grant Incentives for Partnerships
Connecting Health and Park Agencies
California's Health in All Policies (HiAP)
Active Parks, Healthy People Pilot Program
Examples of Health and Park Agency Partnerships
2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for Health Partnerships
State Agencies, Wetlands, and LWCF Grant Projects
State Agencies and LWCF
Protection of Natural Resources
Wetlands Conservation
2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for Wetlands
Action Plan Summary for 2021–2025

Introduction

California's 2021–2025 Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP)
SCORP is a five-year plan that establishes grant priorities to address unmet needs for public outdoor recreation land throughout California. By creating the five-year SCORP action plan for grant-making priorities, California maintains eligibility for federal Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) grants.

Executive Summary

SCORP is a product of the California Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR) — Community Engagement Division (CED) — Office of Grants and Local Services (OGALS). OGALS administers LWCF on behalf of California. The LWCF Act of 1965 intends to "strengthen the health and vitality of citizens" by creating and preserving outdoor recreation land in perpetuity. Since 1965, nearly 7,600 parks in California have been created or improved with federal and state grants administered by OGALS, including over 1,000 parks funded by the LWCF. Currently, more than 700 local agencies partner with OGALS to create and improve close-to-home park access for the health and wellness of California's 40 million residents.

Grants: Five-Year Action Plan

Local agency grantees* will create, expand, or improve park access within a half mile of underserved communities. For park design, community-based planning methods give local agencies flexibility to propose features authentic to each community's unique recreation needs. Projects will increase athletics, art, and nature-based recreation opportunities for the health and wellness of all age groups.

* Local agencies propose projects to OGALS through a statewide competitive process.

State agency grantees* will enhance the resiliency of California's natural resources including but not limited to wetlands, forests, deserts, watersheds, coastal areas and other open space through acquisition or development projects to improve public outdoor recreation access and advance solutions to confront climate change. Per Executive Order N-82-20, California has pledged to conserve 30 percent of land and coastal waters by the year 2030. Each eligible state agency has its own action plan priorities in this SCORP.

* California's Public Resource Code §5099.12 makes a percentage of annual LWCF funds available to State Parks, Department of Water Resources, California Wildlife Conservation Board, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and the California Coastal Conservancy.

All local and state agency lands funded by LWCF are protected in perpetuity for the benefit of future generations through Section 6(f)(3) of the LWCF Act.

From 2016 to 2020, park access, community-based planning, and health partnerships were the overarching themes associated with park development grant programs awarded in California. These themes emerged during four years of statewide discussions:

2016–17: Thirty-seven focus groups, which included more than 500 public participants, park and recreation providers, university professors, and health sector professionals, supported a SCORP emphasis on increasing access to parks and recreation services for community health and wellness.

2018: Californians passed the Drought, Water, Parks, Climate, Coastal Protection, and Outdoor Access for All Act of 2018 (Proposition 68). This action strengthened the nexus between park access and improving the physical and emotional health of communities, and sought to address rising health care costs and obesity-related illnesses.

2018 to 2020: Over 500 local agencies discussed park access, community-based planning, and health partnerships in over 20 hearings and workshops for the Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program (SPP). These efforts resulted in $2.3 billion in competitive park projects requests during the most recent 2019–20 cycle.

Products of California's 2021–2025 SCORP

  1. This Summary Report: California's 2021–2025 Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan — A Five Year Plan for Increasing Park Access, Community-Based Planning, and Health Partnerships Through Grants
  2. Report on California's Vision for Park Equity 2000–2020: Transforming Park Access Data and Technology
  3. Report on Designing Parks Using Community-Based Planning — Methods from California's Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program

"Parks for All Californians" website at ParksforCalifornia.org which includes links to products 1–3 and the following geographic information systems (GIS):

  • Park Access Tool
  • Community Fact Finder Tool
  • Grant Allocations
  • Explanation of GIS tool data methods

California's last SCORP was updated in 2015. The 2021–2025 SCORP improves upon the previous one and summarizes recent key finding from focus groups and continues the vision for local assistance grant programs including the use of LWCF allocations to California. For further guidance on how to submit LWCF funding applications, including Project Selection Criteria, go to parks.ca.gov/grants_lwcf.

The California Department of Parks and Recreation

California has benefited greatly from both public and private agencies that have made public outdoor spaces a priority. The California Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR) serves an important public agency role that administers the following:

State Park System — Protects landscapes where nature is primary and facilities complement natural and cultural/historic values. With 280 state park units, over 340 miles of coastline, 991 miles of lake and river frontage, more than 14,000 campsites, and more than 5,000 miles of motorized and non-motorized trails, DPR contains the largest and most diverse recreational, natural, and cultural heritage holdings of any state agency in the nation.

Develop and maintain the SCORP — Develops analysis, goals, tracking systems and range of partnerships to achieve a five year action plan, which includes facilitating discussion and outreach regarding the action plan's goals and programs.

Fund Local Needs — Develops and administers local assistance grant programs from bond acts or federally or state funded annual programs through OGALS, Division of Boating and Waterways and Off-Highway Motor Vehicle Recreation, and Office of Historic Preservation. Since 2000, DPR administered over $3 billion in grants.

Facilitates planning, technical assistance, and partnerships — between the health, educational, environmental sectors and local park agencies to build healthier communities through new parks and programs.

Whitewater Park in Cathedral City is a five acre new local park funded by the Statewide Park Program with two children play areas, walking trail with fitness stations, skateboard area, baseball and multipurpose soccer field, two basketball courts, picnic area with shade structures, courtyard, parking lot, restroom/concession building, lighting, and native plant landscaping.

Park Partners Responding to Park Needs

California's 155-year parks legacy has been created through the actions of nearly 1,000 public agencies and nonprofits. These park partners reflect the diversity of California's park needs:

Local agencies — provide close-to-home active recreation facilities, such as sports courts/fields, community centers, and neighborhood parks (plus some broader open space roles) — includes city, county, and special district/recreation districts.

Regional agencies — conserve larger landscapes/habitats and provide hiking, camping, etc. in large open spaces — includes regional park and open space districts and joint powers authorities.

State agencies — preserve significant natural and cultural areas. Facility development in state parks, by law, must complement parks' natural/cultural integrity. The Department of Fish and Wildlife, 10 state conservancies, CAL FIRE, Department of Water Resources, The State Lands Commission, and state universities, all protect and preserve fish and wildlife resources, forests, and broad areas of public land.

Federal agencies — primarily conserve iconic natural and cultural resources and sites, rather than providing developed recreation. This is accomplished through the National Parks System, the National Wildlife Refuge System, the vast National Forests, deserts and other public lands overseen by the Bureau of Land Management and lakes and reservoirs from the Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation.

Non profits / Other — land trusts and community organizations often own publicly accessible preserves and neighborhood parks or partner with public agencies to offer programs and services. The health sector, foundations, and businesses contribute funding and the people of California volunteer time and resources to support parks.

Who Owns Park Land in California

By number, parks are mostly owned by city, special district and county agencies

Type of Owner Acres
City 9,000
County 1,200
Special District 1,700
State 631
Federal 500
Non Profit, other 450

By acres, parks and open space are mainly owned by federal and state agencies

Type of Owner Acres
City 316,000
County 238,000
Special District 445,000
State 1,990,000
Federal 43,700,000
Non Profit, other 210,000

To learn more about California's park inventory, see an additional SCORP report named California's Vision for Park Equity 2000–2020: Transforming Park Access Data and Technology at parksforcalifornia.org

California's Vision for Park Equity: Transforming Park Access Data and Technology

Agencies and advocates across California are increasingly committed to ensuring that every Californian has equitable access to parks. Over the past decade, grant programs have incorporated the use of online Geospatial Analysis tools to help identify and analyze which communities lack adequate access to parks.

The 2021–2025 SCORP continues the analysis of park access in California using the following inventory and tools:

California Protected Areas Database (CPAD)

Provides an inventory of over 14,000 public parks and open space areas statewide. calands.org

Park Access Tool

Provides a broad analysis at larger geographic scales to calculate 1) the ratio of park acres per thousand people, and, 2) the percentage of people who live within a half-mile of a park. In 2015, when OGALS first launched this tool for the 2015–2020 SCORP, findings indicated that:

  • Over 60% of Californians live in Census Tracts with less than 3 acres of parkland per 1,000 residents.
  • Nearly 9 million people, 24% of Californians, have no park within a half mile of their homes.

In the update for the 2021–2025 SCORP, OGALS found that:

  • Over 61% of Californians live in Census Tracts with less than 3 acres of parkland per 1,000 residents.
  • Nearly 8 million people, 21% of Californians, have no park within a half mile of their homes.

To better understand how these communities that lack park access fit within the larger picture in California, statistics are available for cities, counties, regions, and legislative districts.
parksforcalifornia.org/parkaccess

Park Access Progress: 1 million more Californians have park access located within a half mile radius of their home in 2020 findings compared to 2015. This progress has been partially reached through the Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program, which created more than 100 parks within a half mile radius of more than 1 million Californians through two rounds of Proposition 84 funding.

Park Access Investments by the Numbers

The following provides a 10-year review of statewide park investments.

Proposition 84 SPP Rounds One and Two
  • Between two competitive rounds in 2009/10, 125 SPP parks were funded through $368 million, with an average grant amount of $2.7 million.
  • Approximately 1 million Californians live within a half-mile of the 125 grant funded sites.
  • These numbers show that in 2009/10, an investment of $368 million created new park access for every 1 million Californians.
  • Considering a 2010 investment for 30 years of public use through 2040, providing new park access within a half mile of 1 million Californians calculated to $11 per person per year, or 94 cents per month, or 3 cents per day.
Proposition 68 SPP Round Three
  • In 2019/20, 62 parks were funded through $255 million, with an average grant amount of $4.1 million.
  • Approximately 500,000 Californians live within a half-mile of the 62 grant funded sites.
  • These numbers show that in the 2019/20 SPP Round Three, an investment of $255 million created new park access for nearly 500,000 Californians within a half mile radius of 62 projects.
  • Considering an investment for 30 years of public use through 2050, providing new park access within a half mile of every 500,000 Californians now calculates to $17 per person per year, or $1.41 per month, or 5 cents per day.
  • The upcoming Round Four will make an additional $395.3 million available. Competitive project applications are due in March 2021. This final round of Proposition 68 SPP may provide park access for an additional 500,000 or more Californians within a half mile of their neighborhoods.
Conclusion

Based on these patterns between three SPP rounds of funding for community park development, an average of approximately 60 park projects per round are creating new park access for approximately 500,000 Californians within a half mile radius per round. Land acquisition and construction prices have increased by approximately $1,500,000 per project site over the past decade from 2010 to 2020. Based on current projections, for each $600 million investment, an additional 1 million Californians will have new or expanded park access within a half mile of their neighborhoods.

This picture of the larger landscape provided by the Park Access Tool is important, but the site-specific Community FactFinder (see below) is essential for making the most informed decisions about project areas.

Community FactFinder

The Community FactFinder provides DPR and the public site-specific data within the half-mile radius of any park project area. The data helps users evaluate a specific area where a grant applicant proposes to build a project, in comparison to all competing statewide applications. Additionally, the Community FactFinder helps steer local park planners and grant applicants to locate projects in underserved communities.

Prioritizing Projects for Local Assistance Grant Programs such as the LWCF

Considering California's almost 40 million residents and the complexity and high need for parks throughout urban, suburban, and rural communities, local assistance grant programs, including LWCF, do not "pre-select" a few communities to receive grant funding. Instead, California's LWCF and the Statewide Park Program provide these tools to applicants to help them identify high priority areas in their jurisdictions. Once applications are submitted to CED/OGALS, the competitive applications go through a statewide analysis using the same tools. While the use and ranking of consistent data to measure park deficiency and poverty is valuable to help prioritize projects, any competitive grant review process should also include analysis and professional judgment of other factors including the project's need and benefits.

For more information about the evolution of these tools, challenges, and lessons learned, the 2021–2025 SCORP includes an additional report named California's Vision for Park Equity 2000–2020: Transforming Park Access Data and Technology. This report is available at ParksforCalifornia.org

2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for Using Geospatial Technology to Identify Park Access Priorities

  1. Continue updating the California Protected Area Database (CPAD) as a vital inventory and resource for assessing park acreage statewide.
  2. Continue using the Community FactFinder for site-specific data analysis of proposed projects.
  3. In 2025, release the next version of the Park Access Tool for the 2025–2030 SCORP, building upon the 2015 and 2020 editions.
  4. Monitor data and technology for improvements, especially in these forms:
    1. Network analysis for walking routes specifically, to increase the accuracy of the 10-minute walk shed of each park, excluding areas that are impassable due to freeways, railroads, or other areas impassable to pedestrians.
    2. Accessible mapping technologies for low- and no-vision users.
    3. Participatory mapping technologies that enable community members to provide spatially specific comments, images, and stories about park design and park access in their neighborhoods.
Huntington Beach State Beach $2,400,000 grant in 1973–1983 for acquisition.
Riding bikes by Cooley Landing in East Palo Alto.

Designing Parks Using Community-Based Planning Methods

Encouraging community-based planning in grant programs is founded on this basic question: For community parks, should California prioritize one type of recreation facility over another, based on national, state, or regional surveys?

Historically, in competitive programs, grant writers and even grant guidelines cited national, state, or regional surveys to determine what types of recreation facilities should be included in a community park. For example, the results of regional or statewide surveys were used to prioritize which type of facility ranked higher in California's competitive LWCF applications. A picnic area ranked higher than a playground, a baseball field ranked higher than a soccer field, and a tennis court higher than a basketball court.

SPP Application Guide, January 22, 2019.

However, during LWCF application workshops, local government applicants frequently reported that their community's needs were different from the statewide or regional survey results. National, state, or regional surveys may not capture the recreation feature priorities of cities, and even more specifically, of neighborhoods within different areas of the same cities. Each community has unique unmet recreation needs for park access and infrastructure.

For these reasons, California's SCORP encourages flexibility in park design responsive to each community's unique recreation needs. SCORP provides methods learned from hundreds of local park agencies and nonprofit organizations, using a three-step public engagement model for designing community parks. The three-step model was developed and tested through California's Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program (SPP).

Three-Step Public Engagement Model

SPP's grant guidelines, written with feedback from hundreds of local park agencies and nonprofit organizations, led to the development of a three-step public engagement model for designing community parks.

The steps include:

  1. Scheduling five accessible park design meetings at or near the project site, at different times including weekends or evenings.
  2. Inviting and involving youth, seniors, and families living in the project area to engage in an active planning process.
  3. Conducting interactive and dynamic meetings to achieve the following park design goals:
    • Selecting and designing recreation features.
    • Locating the selected recreation features within the park.
    • Identifying safe public use and park beautification ideas.

This process encourages meaningful engagement between neighbors, local government, and organizations. These steps lead to authentic park designs representing each community's unique recreation needs and values.

To learn more, see Designing Parks Using Community-Based Planning — Methods from California's Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program.

Historical Significance of SPP Community-Based Planning

California's Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program (SPP) is the country's largest state-administered grant program for community parks. This historically significant grant program has provided more than $1 billion in grant funding through Proposition 84 in 2006 and Proposition 68 in 2018.

SPP has funded the creation of 130 new parks and 60 park expansions or renovations throughout California. With $5.2 billion in grant requests received for $623 million in available funding between three rounds, thousands of residents became civically engaged in their local park designs.

SPP Rounds One and Two: Proposition 84 (2006 Bond Act) made $368 million available for SPP grants. Nine hundred project proposals were received requesting $2.9 billion.

SPP Round Three: Proposition 68 (2018 Bond Act) made $650 million available for SPP grants. Round three made available $254.9 million. A total of 478 project proposals requesting $2.3 billion were received on Aug. 5, 2019.

SPP Round Four: The remaining $395 million of Proposition 68 SPP will be awarded through a Round Four competitive process in 2021.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, new methods for remote park design meetings and tools are currently being tested in preparation for a March 2021 SPP Round 4 application deadline. Methods that are proven to be successful may be featured in California's 2025–2030 SCORP if remote web-based meetings are necessary. To inform future planning efforts over the next five years, DPR's Community Engagement Division will continue to share successful methods learned through this SPP model.

Planning together for the new 95th & Normandie Pocket Park in West Athens-Westmont, Los Angeles County.
Community members planning 95th and Normandie park in Los Angeles County.

Below are two examples showing how SPP projects transform communities. To see more statewide "Before and After" photos, visit ParksforCalifornia.org

Albion Riverside Park in the city of Los Angeles received a $5 million grant to construct a new multipurpose athletic field, walking and bike paths, fitness zone and equipment, children's play area, and other recreational amenities.

Mercado Park in the city of Perris received $3.49 million to construct a new performing arts amphitheater, children's play area, plaza with fountain, volleyball and basketball courts, picnic structures, and other amenities.

2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for Designing Parks Using Community-Based Planning

CED/OGALS will be responsible for the following 2021–2025 SCORP actions for local assistance grants:

  1. Allow grant applicants to design parks that are authentic to each community's unique recreation needs. Competitive grant criteria will not use a national, state, or regional survey to pre-determine what type of recreation feature is the highest priority for a community.
  2. Consider how public engagement for park design may occur under future COVID-19 health guidelines. This consideration includes identifying how authentic community-based planning may involve the elderly and other Californians who may lack high-speed internet connection, computers, and cell phones, share successful solutions for community engagement that may be learned through Round 4 of the SPP.
  3. Provide the report named Designing Parks Using Community-Based Planning — Methods from California's Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program as technical assistance examples for grant projects, including:
    1. The upcoming competitive round(s) of SPP.
    2. $23 million Proposition 68 Regional Park Program.
    3. $23 million Proposition 68 Rural Recreation and Tourism Program.
    4. LWCF Program.
    5. Non-motorized Recreational Trail Program.
  4. Share the report named Designing Parks Using Community-Based Planning — Methods from California's Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program with:
    1. Other states, through the City Parks Alliance, National Recreation and Parks Association (NRPA), American Planning Association, National Association of State Outdoor Recreation Liaison Officers (NASORLO), Society of Outdoor Recreation Planners (SORP), American Society of Landscape Architects (ASPA), and other national associations.
    2. California's Park and Recreation Society (CPRS), California Association of Recreation and Park Districts (CARPD), and California's Health in All Policies (HiAP).
    3. California State University Recreation departments to inspire future planners and policy leaders.
    4. 700 local agencies and nonprofit organizations throughout California.
Focus group with a classroom of students to get input for the new Linnell-Brahma Park in Bakersfield.

The future 900 Innes Park in Bayview Hunter's Point, San Francisco. The project will create waterfront park access, connect the San Francisco Bay Trail, and include placemaking public art.

"India Basin (900 Innes Boatyard) is the most ambitious park project in a generation, and we wanted to design something not just for the surrounding community, but with them. It's going to be an anchor of health, safety, economic development, culture and environmental justice in the neighborhood. We are so proud to be working alongside them to make it happen."

Phil Ginsburg | General Manager, San Francisco Recreation and Parks


"As Recreation Professionals, we often have a general idea as to what our community wants and needs in our neighborhood parks; however, community-based planning allows for a much deeper connection to the neighborhood and ultimately leads to a much better project with much more community pride.

It brought the whole neighborhood closer together."

Tina Cherry | Community Services Director, City of Monrovia, Lucinda Garcia Park


"Community-based planning allows the opportunity to give community members a voice and creates relationships that bring insight and perspectives that are normally ignored. Regardless if the grant is awarded, it is a worthwhile experience in future revitalization opportunities."

Francesca Sciamanna | Community Services, City of Bell

Site photo for City of Bell Pritchard Park.

"Just planning the park has brought the community together. Boorman Park is the community's baby. This project reflects in-depth community planning to represent what we really want and need in a park. This grant gives us the inspiration to keep active in the community. We are so proud of this effort. The community has finally been heard and our kids will benefit for years!"

Maria Isabel Barrera | West County Regional Group member and resident of the Boorman Park area.


37 Focus Groups Statewide: Methods and Findings

Thirty-seven focus groups, which comprised of five hundred Californians, shared their vision for parks and recreation and California's 2021–2025 SCORP.

The following examples explain how local community members, college students, regional and state government officials, foundations, health, and community-based organizations participated.

Seven SCORP Advisory Council Focus Groups

To help shape the vision for California's 2021–2025 SCORP, the Community Engagement Division first formed an Advisory Council to listen to issues of statewide significance. The focus groups took place in Anaheim, Fresno, Oakland, Redding, San Diego, Santa Clarita, and West Sacramento from September through October 2016. One hundred leaders were brought together to these locations.

Method

The Advisory Council members were selected to represent diverse perspectives including academia, the health sector, local and state government, foundations, and community-based organizations.

  • Each focus group was three hours long.
  • Members discussed challenges and opportunities facing parks and recreation in their region.
  • Discussions were facilitated to encourage a free flowing, high-level exchange of ideas under the broad topic of what challenges and opportunities face parks and recreation in their region.
  • By discussing challenges and opportunities in each region, consistent priorities were identified between all regions.
Dr. Deborah Cohen
RAND, Santa Monica
Dr. Aiko Yoshino
CSU San Francisco
Dr. Emilyn Sheffield
CSU Chico
Sedrick Mitchell
California State Parks
Dr. Sam Lankford
CSU Fresno
Manuel Mollinedo
City of Fresno Parks Director, Ret.

The following describes key findings between the seven statewide Advisory Council Focus Groups:

Findings

Sense of Purpose and Image

The most surprising discovery from the 2016 discussions was sensing the park and recreation profession was suffering from an identity problem.

In summary:

  • Marketing park and recreation services to the general public requires a different approach than trying to gain budget support from governing bodies. Local park agencies typically market their services as being "fun" to encourage the public to use local parks and recreation programs. However, city council, or county board of supervisors generally do not prioritize "having fun" over public health and safety such as police and fire. Local directors often feel that they are competing with other public service agencies for budget support.
  • Local park agencies were being required to become revenue generators, renamed or merged into broader non-park agencies such as "Community Services" or "Public Works."

"Pay to Play" and "Revenue Generation" Trend

An intriguing discussion arose about how marketing the "fun" of parks and recreation often works well to attract the public, but may affect the image and perception of these services as essential. Local park agency directors candidly expressed, "I feel we are not taken seriously" and "we need to do a better job telling our story."

The focus groups touched on our country's work-driven culture that generally does not recognize "fun" or "play" as an essential activity. The work-driven cultural norm appears to clash with the park and recreation sector's belief that play and fun are critical for personal wellness and a community's social health. "Play is not valued as a priority in our society but is fundamental to the development of people." Sedrick Mitchell, Deputy Director, Community Engagement Division, DPR.

Local park agency directors reported that they are required to function under a business model in order to support operations due to budget constraints. "This shifts our service focus and mission" said a local agency director. The business model emphasis may cater to those who can afford to pay, while widening the "equity" service gap for economically disadvantaged members of the public.

Participants pointed out that trying to explain the benefits of parks and recreation has been a long-standing effort within the profession. Advocacy must go beyond saying how great current park and recreation services are, to include a vision for greater investments in parks and recreation to achieve new health benefits. Expanding services to confront health challenges may require a philosophical change in the profession. Some directors spoke passionately about being on the "front line" and "in the trenches." Many park agencies are providing social services such as meals, counseling services, health screenings, clothing distribution, after school tutoring, providing a positive alternative to gangs, life skills classes, etc. Therapeutic recreational programs for war veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder and employment development programs were also cited as examples of park agency functions.

People Who Are Homeless and Local Parks

Local park directors explained that there is an increasing amount of people who appear to the general public as being homeless in local parks. The directors had different views of solutions, from collaborating with other local service providers and faith-based organizations to serve people who are homeless, or to design parks that attract more public use. Various ideas were shared to make parks less likely to be sites for encampments, such as designing parks for more active use (skate parks, dog parks, sports courts, running tracks, outdoor gym equipment, etc.) or scheduling supervised recreational events and activities (sports leagues, exercise groups, music, dance, art, movie nights, community events, etc.).

City of Anaheim youth cycling club in Orange County.

The Words "Recreation" and "Parks" have Different Meanings to Different Audiences

The Advisory Council also pointed out a basic, fundamental issue often not recognized by park professionals: the word "recreation" and "park" is not universally understood for these reasons:

  • Some people think the word "recreation" means how people generally spend free time such as watching television, shopping, playing video games, tourism, etc.
  • The word "recreation" is also a complex public service to define. Recreation may mean team or individual sports and leagues to some, or viewing wildlife in remote natural areas to others. From arts and crafts, music, dance, theater, to exercise groups, walking, biking, hiking, picnicking/barbeques, camping, fishing or hunting, paddling, boating, horse-back riding or riding off-highway motorized vehicles, and visiting historic sites, "recreation in parks" means a wide range of possibilities.
  • The word "park" may also need to be more clearly defined in context depending on the intended audience or purpose because it may not evoke a consistent image. Neighborhood pocket parks, community parks, city, county, regional, state, and national parks all meet diverse needs and interests. In addition, a public beach or "open space" preserve with a trail is often not envisioned or labeled as a "park," but provides public recreational opportunities comparable to many regional, state, or national parks.
  • Therefore, a specific type of "recreation" or "park" may need to be clear depending on the communication goal and intended audience.

Park Access

Advisory Council members mentioned that distant parks are more difficult to access on a daily basis due to economic, daily schedule, and physical barriers. Some Californians cannot afford to drive to distant parks or do not have time to visit travel destinations due to busy schedules.

Inspiration Park: Located in Fresno, this universally accessible park with a community center, splash and play areas, skate park, baseball/multi-purpose field, basketball courts, dog park, picnic areas, and garden was created with a $5,000,000 Statewide Park Program grant.

Using Neighborhood Parks as Greater Solutions for Health Issues

Dr. Deborah Cohen, formerly with RAND Corporation, commented that "many existing parks are untapped solutions for health issues. There is an opportunity to become even more creative, increasing the use of community parks and recreation programs to address health and social issues. The Advisory Council noted that parks can support activities similar to health clubs, for free. Dr. Deborah Cohen shared a study that reveals solutions to increase healthy physical activities in parks: The First National Study of Neighborhood Parks: Implications for Physical Activity published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 51, Issue 4, October 2016, Pages 419–426.

The Advisory Council recommended a statewide effort to inform decision makers and the public about why parks and recreation services should be expanded for public health and safety. "Create and celebrate your successes. If you can show that you are changing the community, people want to be a part of it" advised one participant.

The Advisory Council also encouraged stronger partnerships with the health sector and law enforcement to develop new park projects and programs as an essential public health service.

Exercise group in the City of Bell.

Thirty Public Focus Groups

After the seven Advisory Council Focus Groups, 30 focus groups were conducted statewide in 2017. Nearly 500 members of the general public and university students participated in these listening sessions.

Methods

In preparation, initial contact was made with local park and recreation agencies and community-based non-profit organizations. DPR asked the local contacts if they would be interested to host a focus group for California's SCORP. Considering that the department was asking local contacts to host and invite the public, there was an effort to give flexibility to the host about who to invite and where to locate the meeting. DPR provided a sample flyer to help describe what questions would be asked of participants, and encouraged the host to invite a broad representation of the community including different age groups.

The discussions were framed around three questions designed to learn how Californians consider parks and recreation in their communities, especially from a health perspective. The questions were also designed to ground-truth and research the statewide concerns and opportunities referenced in this chapter by the 2016 Advisory Council. During each public focus group, DPR asked the participants these three questions:

1) The California Department of Parks and Recreation understands that there may be health and safety challenges within your community. What types of park projects or programs do you think can help, and why?

Goal: Including "health and safety" in the first part of the question was designed to encourage the public to think about parks and recreation from a health and safety perspective. This tested the Advisory Council Focus Groups' idea of considering parks and recreation as a public health and wellness service.

The second part of the question was intended to assess what types of projects — such as what type of facilities are desired — and programs are needed in local parks when "health and safety" is considered. Therefore, this question encouraged participants to share their vision for health and safety in parks.

Findings:

  • More recreational programs were desired, especially art and music, sports, and multi-generational activities that specifically "bring families together." Parents felt disconnected from their children and were hopeful that programs in parks can help them reconnect.
  • Daily presence of parks and recreation staff is also desired to help make the public feel welcome and safer in their local parks.
  • Lighting for night-time use after school and work days and clean restrooms were consistently mentioned as critical to support extended use.
  • To our surprise, answers tended to focus more on access to parks and recreation programs more than a specific type of park facility they would like in their parks.

2) Has a park or recreation program changed your life? How?

Goal: The question was designed for the public to share stories about why park and recreation matters in their life. This was a way of testing how the general public may relate parks and recreation to public health and wellness.

Finding:

  • Participants shared heart-warming stories about how a recreation program inspired a new direction in their life, how they reached health goals at a park such as a walking track, and the importance of having a shared public space to socialize with other community members.

3) Is there anything else you want to tell state leaders about parks and recreation in your community?

Goal: The question was designed to encourage additional comments that may help us learn more about unmet needs or what is working well from the general public's perspective.

Findings:

  • In some densely populated areas, participants felt they were landlocked and communities need more park space. A few participants in extremely dense communities even mentioned that streets could be closed and converted into parks, or parks should be built on rooftops.
  • Designing parks to meet the needs of all age groups was a consistent request from all focus groups. Some participants felt their local park was only designed for children, and they had to travel too far to go to a park that offers what they need.
  • Participants expressed that parks outside their communities are also important to preserve nature.
  • Every focus group expressed gratitude for state and federal park development programs.
  • After the focus groups, it was common for the host (local park and recreation agency contact) to explain with enthusiasm that the focus group helped provide new ideas and a deeper understanding of what the community needs. This is another indicator that community-based discussions between people that live near proposed projects and the park designer/provider are a valuable method to generate ideas and reach a more personal understanding of what the community needs.
Community members enjoying Inspiration Park in Fresno.
SCORP Public Focus Group Locations

April 4, 2017
Public Focus Group: Friends of the LA River
Location: Los Angeles River — Frog Spot

"Engagement is important for any park in any community; our resources should be designed by the people that are living there and are actually going to use them."

April 5, 2017
Public Focus Group: Watts Community Residents
Location: Serenity Park, Watts

"Parks invest in community, parks allow community to come together. Programs are needed for this area, for people to feel safe, and feel as though this is geared to them. We need programs for children, we need programs for seniors, and we need programs for adults. There is a gang element here and people are trying to fight against that. We need programs for the summer, for our youth. Arts and crafts classes always go well. Dance classes — if we had something like that it would be awesome!"

April 5, 2017
Public Focus Group: Avalon Green Team Residents
Location: Maya Angelou High School

"I would like to say to those that decide and distribute money...invest a little to beautify our city with more green areas for us to be able to take advantage of, like the way it should be, for the benefit of our children and ourselves, for our health."

"I really liked this change from an organizational group of young people, of children — they were painting the alleys. So then it was a really beautiful change and what I liked was the participation, it was the union that happened in the young people for the community — Equipo Verde."

April 5, 2017
Public Focus Group: El Monte Community Residents
Location: Zamora Park

"Make the parks more inviting — design the park to help encourage more usage, plant flowers, and discourage bad elements in hiding spots with maintenance of trees and shrubbery."

Date: April 5, 2017
Public Focus Group: Our Parks Coalition
Location: Casa Italiana

"Our entire model is a community driven model. We've discovered after decades of experience that the most successful projects involve a deep level of community engagement. Listen to concerns, real and perceived. Going above the minimum required helps build trust with the community."

"I think that a big issue isn't just increasing our urban parks, it is also increasing access to our wilderness and open spaces. It doesn't just mean providing busses for people to get to those places, but it also means making people feel welcome in those spaces."

Date: April 6, 2017
Public Focus Group: California State University Students
Location: CSU — Northridge

"It is a good idea to have programs available for parents while their kids are at the park playing sports. We often hear, well, my son or daughter was already here, so I might as well do something."

Date: April 5, 2017
Public Focus Group: Los Angeles Community Residents
Location: El Serrano Arroyo Playground

"You will see single parents who come here with their kids. Parents who cannot afford to take their kids to Disneyland, they come here. This is where they spend time with their kids. It is beautiful."

Date: April 6, 2017
Public Focus Group: City of Paramount Community Residents
Location: Paramount Community Center

"Parks and Rec STAR afterschool program helped me learn English — he believed in me even when I didn't. It goes to show how impactful it is for children to have these kind of programs and now I'm in a place where I can give back. I'm thankful for the opportunity." —Paramount Youth Commissioner
"My son learned to swim here — and he is now in the Navy's Special Forces. And it all started with swim classes with the City."
—Aliccia

"Paramount has been doing a lot of great things; Salud Park was built, there is a track there and a turf, it is really eco-friendly, there is a mural as well. It is a modern park and I think that the architecture of it is the key to its success. The track and the trails around the park is somewhere that people go out to walk in the evenings. This is good for the culture of health movement created by Michelle Obama."

"Thank you for the outdoor gym equipment — I've become a very active resident and its saved me lots of money in gym fees."

Date: April 7, 2017
Public Focus Group: Anaheim Community Residents
Location: Brookhurst Community Center and Park

"The parks have always been a part of my life. I learned to swim, I played tennis, I went to birthday parties. Anaheim has now built new facilities. I go to the one in the hills for my Zumba gold class and the community center is right next door to the library, so they do activities interactively, which I think is good. I do not agree with having a separate senior center. I think that multi-age and multi-use facilities give people the opportunity to be around people of all different ages to help learn from them."
"The neighborhood I live in could use a park, believe me! The kids end up playing in the street. Parks need to be available for everybody — small children, teenagers, adults and seniors."

Date: April 10, 2017
Public Focus Group: Oakland Community Residents
Location: DeFremery Recreation Center

"I grew up in this park. It taught me a sense of community; how your little efforts can help a community. How volunteering and helping kids learn something, an art, a craft, teambuilding, a skill that they can use throughout life, not just as a youth. It's really rewarding."
"I didn't realize that it was a seed that had been planted by my mom years ago, that we play with a purpose, to expose, to enlighten, to empower, and to encourage educational excellence through recreational experiences. It was about being able to make a difference, and to see how you can actually break down barriers, how you can actually encourage people to get off the system where that is all that they have known, and to do it through parks and recreation, that is powerful. The power that our landscapes and parks and recreation have, to bring about quality of life, to change a life, and to make a difference. Without park and recreation in your community, you have no community."

Date: April 11, 2017
Public Focus Group: California State University Students
Location: CSU — East Bay

"Parks are a way to keep kids off the street: but if the park isn't maintained a certain way then kids are not going to want to go there. And a lot of African Americans and other minority kids like to play sports, and they need to have a place that is suitable for them to play and have fun."

"Parks are a great way to de-stress. There is a sense of peace when I am outside, I really like to appreciate nature and just be, and bask in what nature brings to us, and parks really helps with that. When I go outside I see the trees, I hear the birds, it is like a whole different feeling than when you are indoors, and it is a really good way to de-stress."

Date: April 11, 2017
Public Focus Group: East Bay Regional Parks
Location: Richard Trudeau Training Center

"In terms of what helped with a community's health and safety, I think about the Bay Trail. All colors, all shapes and sizes, a diverse range of people and they're out there. Trails are a uniter of different communities. I would like to see more"

"Not all parks are alike. It is a skill set that needs to be mastered. It is an art form because there is no cookie cutter approach. It has to be the right park function, the right use for the community."

Date: April 12, 2017
Public Focus Group: San Francisco Community Residents
Location: Curry Senior Center

"Parks are the lungs of a city. When I first moved here, I couldn't breathe. Then I went to Golden Gate Park and I could breathe. It's because there are no trees in part of our city. We really need more trees. When I am in the park I breathe easily, it is beautiful and smells aromatic. I want to thank whoever planted all of these trees (Golden Gate Park)."

"I have an imagination… Build open spaces up! Create floors for parks and each floor could be for a specific need, first floor for children, and second floor for adults. This is San Francisco, it is a small place, maybe we could create 1st floor and 2nd floor parks."

Date: April 12, 2017
Public Focus Group: California State University Students
Location: CSU — San Francisco

"Joining sports programs provided by parks and rec helped get me healthy. Without these programs I would not be the young woman
I am today." — Lauren

Date: April 13, 2017
Public Focus Group: East Oakland Community Residents (Youth Group)
Location: East Oakland Youth Development Center

"Art programming is exceptional because there are not a lot of rules, therefore everyone can succeed, as opposed to athletic efforts, where there are a lot of rules and not everyone can navigate those rules. Art programming helps young people feel safe."

Date: April 12, 2017
Public Focus Group: San Francisco Community Residents (Youth Group)
Location: Boeddeker Park

"I used to come home after school, do my homework and just sit and watch TV and eat potato chips. Basically be lazy. But ever since the park is here, I am active. I go and play basketball, I've made new friends. It's just a great place."
— Charlie

Date: April 28, 2017
Public Focus Group: California State University Students
Location: CSU — Chico


Date: May 2, 2017
Public Focus Group: California State University Students
Location: CSU — Sacramento

"I think we need to consider small spaces, small parks investing in lots, corners, alleys, and a park movement. I think that urban parks might be the next big wave."

Date: May 31, 2017
Focus Group: Health in All Policies Task Force
Location: Natural Resources Agency Building, Sacramento


August 8, 2017
Public Focus Group: Watsonville Community Residents
Location: Watsonville City Council Room

"Well in my opinion what we've seen is that there is little recreation in the small town of Watsonville. There are no places where one could go for recreation at the end of the week, or have a picnic, or anything. This convenience we don't have. We only have two small parks, but are lacking. Watsonville has grown, and we need it. This is my point of view."

August 8, 2017
Public Focus Group: Together in Pajaro
Location: Pajaro Park

"The community has really taken a hold of this park, and takes a lot of pride in it. They feel that it is theirs. There was really no gathering place before this, there was no sense of community outside of the church. Now there are birthday parties, and events and there is so much happening, I never could have imagined how far we would have come. And it isn't just kids, it is also the seniors and the community members walking. They are here when the gates open, just waiting to get in to walk around our track."

"Part of why the lunch program was created here, is that parent education isn't always what we would like to see. We have so many young parents here. These are kids who didn't get to finish growing up, and now they have to grow up so quickly. And we want to offer programs here to help them. We want to bring out parenting classes, classes to help with finances."

August 9, 2017
Public Focus Group: Gilroy Community Residents
Location: Gilroy Senior Center

"Instead of getting on the bus to go to the casino twice a month (program for older adults), it would be more fun for me to get on the bus and go to the beach and breathe the fresh air."

August 28, 2017
Public Focus Group: Eureka Community Residents
Location: Sequoia Park Forest & Garden & Zoo

"As a Police Captain, I see how parks and recreation affects the community's overall health and safety, especially for children."

August 28, 2017
Public Focus Group: Eureka Community Residents
Location: Jefferson Project Park

"This community center and park has changed the lives of so many people in this community. Not only did we build it, we continue to own it. We are so grateful to the people who voted for the Bond."

"California must invest in children and the environment. Partnerships between law enforcement and parks and recreation and the community — we all need to work with our children — and it takes constant work!"

"The AB2060 program Release to Work and the partnership with Jefferson Project Park benefits include offenders getting jobs for the first time, developing skills and a sense of community, restoring individuals, and providing healthy and positive activities." —Chief probation officer
"From a Public Health perspective, parks create social connectedness and that is critical for health."
— Susan
"I can't imagine not having parks! They are the real jewels of our country — our parks!" — Richard

August 28, 2017
Public Focus Group: Eureka Community Residents
Location: Jefferson Project Park

"More programs are needed to outreach to the youth. There are a lot of troubled youth, or parents aren't home. Having an opportunity for children and teens to come out to programs at the parks can help the community."

"Local parks are the real opportunity to encourage healthy living outdoors. Surveys revealed a very low percentage of kids visited a state park. Low income households found costs and transportation as barriers, this is why local parks are so important."

"The parks are our lungs. It cleans you to be at the park, physically, mentally, and spiritually. We need to use this space. Without this space there's tension, to not have access is part of the problem."

September 18, 2017
Public Focus Group: El Centro Community
Location: MLK Sports Pavilion

"As a police officer, I have seen kids that have been in trouble, then join rec programs and come out a different person."

"State and local leaders need to make parks a priority. Having a healthy environment creates a healthy community, overall. Gives people the opportunity to interact and socialize, to bring something more than the "every day, let's go to work routine."

"Parks and recreation has changed my life for the better. I have seen the positive effect it's had on the community. The soccer program brought parents and even grandparents out to enjoy the park while children practice."

"The programs that the parks department offered when I was a kid gave me an outlet to be constructive, got me out of the Circle K playing video games and getting in trouble, and it led me to the person who I am today, and what I do now, being a part of the community and becoming a pediatrician. I think that I owe a lot to the parks and rec department."

September 19, 2017
Public Focus Group: Perris Community Residents
Location: Perris Senior Center

"I am really grateful for the parks. I didn't grow up in a very good environment so having the teen programs that are offered here really gave me a safe haven. It gave me a lot of time to spend outside of the house, so I wasn't out getting into trouble. Without the teen programs and their support, I don't think that I would have accomplished everything that I have."

"It's obvious that parks and recreation are important in people's lives. We need more programs for all ages. They're important for all to feel included, to develop skills, and develop social groups that they can belong to. We need more funding to maintain and have new parks so more families can be reached."

September 20, 2017
Public Focus Group: Chula Vista Community Residents
Location: Parkway Community Center

"The changes we make are because of the Park Bonds that you've provided. We cannot do these things with our local resources alone."

September 19, 2017
Public Focus Group: Riverside Community Residents
Location: Bobby Bonds Park and Sports Complex

"Programs save lives. I'm at ground zero, kids need these park programs."
— Officer
2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan From Focus Group Findings

The following priorities are based on key findings from the seven SCORP Advisory Council focus groups and the thirty public focus groups. LWCF projects will address at least one of the following priorities:

Children swing at the new Bayer Park and Gardens Area in Santa Rosa.
  1. New Park Access
    1. Create or expand parks in communities that lack sufficient park space. Create new parks within a half mile of underserved communities, or expand existing parks to increase the ratio of park acreage per resident in underserved areas. This may include innovative solutions such as acquiring private land from willing sellers such as vacant lots and blighted buildings, converting streets to create or expand parks, or converting closed schools.
    2. Acquire private land from willing sellers in natural areas to expand regional parks, or create new open space areas for outdoor recreation while preserving nature.
  2. Multi-Use Parks Designed for All Age Groups in New or Existing Parks
    1. Construct recreation features designed to bring families together by supporting art and music, sports, and multi-generational activities.
    2. Construct recreation features for all age groups to support different active and passive recreation interests of all ages.
    3. Incorporate project design ideas from all age groups.
  3. Health Design Goals for New or Existing Parks
    1. Include recreation features resulting from asking community members for their park design ideas for public health.
  4. Safety and Beautification for New or Existing Parks
    1. Construct lighting for night-time use, or restrooms, landscaping, signs, or other enhancements to make the park appear welcoming and support longer hours of use.
  5. Preservation
    1. Through the LWCF, place outdoor open space land under new 6(f)(3) protection for public recreation.
Three acres of vacant land became a community park in the City of Greenfield with a play area, perimeter trail for jogging and walking, basketball court, tennis court, gazebo, open space, boulder garden, and restroom.

Health Partnerships

Public health, including environmental and social wellness, is fundamental to the mission and purpose of park and recreation providers.

For example:

  • DPR's mission statement begins with: "To provide for the health…of the People of California…"
  • The national LWCF Act of 1965's statement of purpose includes "…assuring accessibility to all…present and future generations…such outdoor recreation resources…to strengthen the health and vitality of the citizens of the United States…"

Parks are unique places where children can play, people exercise, seniors socialize, families and friends bond, youth are mentored, cultures are celebrated, and where everyone connects with nature. For these basic reasons, the nexus is clear between parks, recreation programs, and health.

However, while "health" gives the park and recreation sector a higher sense of purpose, the SCORP Advisory Council commented that local partnerships between park/recreation agencies and health agencies were generally uncommon.

The council believed California's 2021–2025 SCORP should encourage new partnerships between local health and park agencies. Therefore, the following approaches have been implemented.

Grant Incentives for Partnerships

Competitive grant program criteria is an effective method for encouraging local health and park agency partnerships. For example, competitive "Project Selection Criteria" points can be awarded to grant applicants for partnering with a local community health organization. By awarding points, the competitive grant applicants have an incentive to involve a local health organization in the planning, funding, design, and construction of a park project or operational programs and services.

This idea was presented to local park agencies in 2018–19 focus groups and public hearings for inclusion within the draft Proposition 68 SPP Application Guide. During the SPP focus groups and hearings, there was a broad concensus of support. The SPP Application Guide's "Project Selection Criterion #6" now includes partnership incentives for the grant applicant to involve a health organization during the planning, design, funding, or construction phase of the park project.

Salud Park offers two walking and running track loops, outdoor gym equipment, and multipurpose turf areas for physical activity in Paramount.
Salud Park also outdoor gym equipment and multipurpose turf areas for physical activity.
Exercise Group in San Diego County.

The SPP makes available significant park development funding for the construction of running tracks and walking loops, outdoor gym stations, sports courts and fields, community gardens that produce fresh food, amphitheaters for performing arts programming, swimming pools and aquatic features, skate parks and play areas, and natural areas.

Connecting Health and Park Agencies

DPR and the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) can help introduce local health departments (LHDs) to park agencies.

California's Health in All Policies (HiAP)

California's Health in All Policies Task Force (HiAP) engages over 20 State departments to view each department's work through a public health lens.

During HiAP conversations, DPR's Community Engagement Division shared the belief that local parks, in communities, can become thriving resources for health especially when programs are offered to help activate the park. DPR further explained that in some areas, when an ideally located park has no programming and insufficient infrastructure, the park may be under-utilized. To test this theory, the "Active Parks, Healthy People" Pilot Program involved offering a program in a park and testing if it will lead to increased physical activity for health and wellness. Details and findings from the Pilot Program are included in the next few pages.

Active Parks, Healthy People Pilot Program

In 2019, the Nutrition Policy Institute developed and implemented an Active Parks, Healthy People Pilot Program in three California counties (Fresno, Los Angeles, and Stanislaus) to explore whether offering a structured physical activity opportunity in community parks would enhance park utilization and increase program participants' physical activity levels.

Participants rated the classes highly. Although some increases in physical activity among park users and program participants were observed, the number of participants were too small to arrive at definitive conclusions. Challenges recruiting participants led the research effort to focus on barriers to park program participation.

Lack of childcare and park safety were the top barriers cited by participants. Health department staff and their partners report that a two-pronged approach that includes both 1) improvement to park infrastructure and safety and 2) support for long term, community-tailored park programming is needed to address barriers to park use and create physical activity opportunities that best fit community need.

The Active Parks, Healthy People Pilot Program report discusses, on page 13, the three communities reported that getting community members out to the park for a program or activity is a good idea for increasing park use.

Youth sports programs build social skills — teamwork, commitment, a sense of belonging — with physical health.

The evaluation report's quotes from stakeholders provide a personal validation to the concept. Specifically, the quotes on page 16 about the benefits of giving residents a leadership role, and building trust over time through sustainable programming, are especially important.

This is a direct response to the work and conversations that originated in the Health in All Policies (HiAP) parks and green space workgroup.

"It's just getting programming at the park and getting people to see that it's being used and being used for positive things. You know like leagues for kids or even for adults. It's just getting rid of that stigma that the park is abandoned, and it's only used for crime."

— Stanislaus County stakeholder

The report is available on the Nutrition Policy Institute's website: npi.ucanr.edu/Publications/

Gerstein DE, Plank K, Woodward Lopez G, Crawford P. Active Parks, Healthy People Pilot Program, Evaluation Report. Nutrition Policy Institute. May 2019. ucanr.edu/sites/NewNutritionPolicyInstitute/files/310880.pdf


Facilitators of Park Use and Program Engagement
  • Park amenities such as access to walking trails, play equipment, lighting and clear signage
  • Presence of sustained park programming
  • Programs designed based on community input and fit well with the physical space and available amenities of the park
  • Community gatekeepers to promote programming
  • Social connectivity built through program participation
Barriers to Park Use and Program Engagement
  • Restrictive use policies of community parks
  • Lack of park amenities and sustainable programming
  • Park reputation as unsafe

"There is a city ordinance that people can't be out at parks at night."
– Stanislaus stakeholder

"It's just getting programming at the park and getting people to see that it's being used and being used for positive things. You know like leagues for kids or even for adults. It's just getting rid of that stigma that the park is abandoned, and it's only used for crime."
– Stanislaus stakeholder

"The reputation of a park can play a big role (in park usage)"
– Fresno stakeholder

"Some other parks are well-lit parks and they will go to those parks because they feel safe."
– Fresno stakeholder

"[Program Participants] got to know each other...They became friends and I think after the exercise class ended, they kept in touch and they kept exercising."
– Los Angeles stakeholder

"It's sort of a vicious cycle because folks don't go to the park because there's no programming and...there's no programming because folks don't go to the park."
– Los Angeles stakeholder


Examples of Health and Park Agency Partnerships

In 2019, a study from the University of California, Los Angeles Institute of Environment and Sustainability (citation to right) found "Park Prescription" programs are an example of community public health infrastructure in action. This study further found that information about parks can be integrated into healthcare providers' electronic records systems. Pediatricians can search for parks based on their patients' locations and interests and write prescriptions for park use. Park Rx programs have been shown to increase the number of families who visit parks, the days per month that people spend in parks, and the time they spend physically active. There are currently more than 20 park prescription programs across California. Collaborating with healthcare providers represents a growing potential.

Citation: Christensen J, Rigolon A, Robins S, and Alemán-Zometa J. California State Parks: A Valuable Resource for Youth Health. UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability. September 2019.
ioes.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/UCLA-report-on-California-State-Parks-and-Youth-Health.pdf

In 2011, the Healthy Parks Healthy People (HPHP) was created with the goal of improving the well-being of Bay Area residents through over 50 park, health, and community organizations. Health-focused programs include family fitness classes, guided hikes and nature walks that provide free introductory experiences for first time or infrequent park visitors. HPHP Bay Area piloted "Park Prescription" programs where health care and social service providers encourage their patients to take advantage of First Saturday and other programs to get into the parks for their health and well-being. As of 2018, each of the nine Bay Area counties are designing and implementing their own Park Prescription programs.

In Los Angeles, the Los Angeles County Department of Parks and Recreation launched Summer Parks After Dark (PAD) at 33 county locations, with free programs and events for children and families. In 2018, the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) awarded PAD with the Best in Innovation Award. PAD is led by the county's Department of Parks and Recreation, with strong support from partners including the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, Chief Executive Office, Sheriff's Department, Department of Mental Health, Department of Public Health, Department of Workforce Development, Aging and Community Services, Probation Department, Department of Children and Family Services, and many community-based organizations.

The Summer PAD programming ranges from concerts in the park, summer Olympics, art classes, bicycle workshops, CPR/First Aid training, walk/run events, gardening classes and sports clinics, etc. PAD started with only three parks in 2010. Since then, the program expanded to 33 parks in 2019.

Other health-in-parks findings:
  • In 2018, California's Proposition 68 reported that "the California Center for Public Health Advocacy estimates that inactivity and obesity cost California over $40 billion dollars annually, through increased health care costs and lost productivity due to obesity-related illnesses, and that even modest increases in physical activity would result in significant savings. Investment in infrastructure improvements such as biking and walking trails and pathways, whether in urban or natural areas, are cost-effective ways to promote physical activity."
  • Adults and youth who live close to parks experience higher physical activity levels. An international study by the University of Exeter's Medical School (Environ. Sci. Technol., 2014, 48 (2). pp 1247–1255) also found that parks nearby provide psychological benefits — as much as a one-third decrease in mental health issues, such as anxiety and depression.
  • In distressed neighborhoods where vacant lots were converted into small parks and community green spaces, residents reported significantly less stress and more exercise, according to a 2011 study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
  • "Children and families are more likely to consistently exercise when in groups or social environments. Providing easy to use equipment dramatically increases physical activity and improves the well-being of most parks" said Frank Meza, MD, Kaiser Permanente's East Los Angeles Medical Center.
  • A study of 174 neighborhood parks found that marketing, programming, plus active design, can result in up to 63% more hours of physical activity per week in parks by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (Volume 51, Issue 4, pages 419–426).

Public parks and recreation opportunities serve as gateways to a healthier America. Parks provide affordable places to exercise. Youth join teams, and cultural celebrations such as concerts, dances, and other performing arts occur in parks. Parks serve as strong catalysts in reclaiming urban run-down areas, and even contribute to environmental health — where landscaping can clean air pollutants and clean stormwater runoff.

A Public Wellness Intervention

Health and Safety Benefits of Parks and Recreation Programs

Physical and Mental

  • Affordable alternative to private health clubs through outdoor gym equipment, calisthenics zones, tracks, sports courts, and fields.
  • Youth and adult sports leagues for physical fitness, sense of belonging, team work, esteem.
  • Release stress, places to exercise and play.
  • Therapeutic recreation, a place for people to heal from illnesses and trauma.
  • Wellness resource, place for social services like health screenings and nutrition/meals.
  • Places to connect with nature and be outdoors.

Economic

  • The outdoor recreation industry in California generates $85.4 billion in annual spending, and $6.7 billion in state and local taxes. It helps support 732,000 jobs and internships, in construction, maintenance, program, lifeguards, rangers, vendors, and administrative staff.
  • Higher property values.
  • Tourism revenue.
  • Concessionaire, equipment rentals, and sales revenue for sports leagues, camping, boating, skiing, hiking, surfing, biking, boating, and motorized recreation, etc.

Why intervene?

  • Physical inactivity
  • Diabetes, obesity, heart disease
  • Social isolation, time spent indoors
  • Unemployment, crime, stress
  • Air pollution

Environmental

  • Parks adjacent to schools, and active transportation/safe routes to schools, such as bikeways, trails, and greenways, create healthier city environments.
  • Tree canopies improve air quality, provide shade, and reduce heat island effect.
  • Resources for environmental education and conservation.
  • Natural resource protection and wildlife habitat.
  • Natural watershed for urban storm water runoff.

Social and Cultural

  • Events and programs bring the community together, create social cohesion, and opportunities for volunteerism.
  • Family bonding, a place for families to spend time together.
  • Safer communities, programs offer positive alternatives to gangs and drugs.
  • Police and the public can improve relationships through parks and programs.
  • Art, music, dance, and theatre activities for cultural enrichment.
  • Mosaics, murals, and sculptures created by residents or that depict the community's culture and history help build a "sense of place."
  • Community gardens to grow healthy foods.
  • Cultural resource protection.
  • Inclusion, parks can serve all ages, ethnicities, incomes, and physical abilities.
  • Increases cultural connections by promoting cultural understanding.

What Works?

Four Keys to Increase Healthy Park Use

Provide access to a park

When people have access to parks, they exercise more. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has called for more parks and playgrounds. Residents need time and money to travel to parks away from their communities. Only a park within a community can provide immediate daily access for its residents.

Consider Design

  • Parks and programs can become more popular when youth, seniors, and parents—who are experts about their community's needs—give ideas for recreation features, park layout, beautification, program times and safe public use. This also creates ownership and connects residents with their local government.
  • Walking loops, gymnasiums, sports fields and courts, and fitness zones generate the highest amount of physical activity in parks.
  • Passive recreation areas with trees, community gardens, and open space give residents a place to connect with nature, reduce stress, grow healthy food, socialize, and beautify a community. These areas also reduce the urban heat island effect (where pavement and other hard surfaces raise temperatures).
  • Amphitheaters and public art such as mosaics and murals support community festivals, cultural cohesiveness, and enhance a "sense of place."

A study of 174 neighborhood parks found that marketing, programming, plus active design can result in up to 63% more hours of physical activity per week in parks.

Cohen, D., et al. The First National Study of Neighborhood Parks: Implications for Physical Activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, (October, 2016) Volume 51, Issue 4, pages 419–426

Offer Programs

  • A programmed park is a safe park. Offering supervised programs can quickly turn underused parks into thriving health zones.
  • Exercise groups such as aerobics and tai-chi attract new visitors and increase physical activity in parks.
  • Coaches and sports leagues give a positive sense of belonging for youth, teach teamwork, and bring the community together.
  • Music, dance, and other art programs can offer students alternative forms of physical activity and can be ideal for family weekend events.
  • Social services, meals, job training, and health screenings can happen in parks.

Market to the Community

Make residents aware of programs through use of banners, the media, and other outreach efforts.

2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for Health Partnerships

  1. Encourage partnerships between health and recreation sectors through grant programs. Partnerships between health and recreation sectors may include:
    1. Outreaching to local community members during the community-based planning process.
    2. Providing feedback on how parks can be designed to support healthy lifestyles.
    3. Leveraging resources for acquisition and construction projects, program services, and site maintenance.
  2. At the state level, DPR OGALS can connect local health agencies to local park agencies due to current contact with over 700 local park agencies. Requests may be sent to scorp@parks.ca.gov with a description of the desired target area and any relevant information about goals and priorities.
Eastvale Picnic in the Park, a 3-day celebration hosted by the Jurupa Community Services District Parks and Recreation Department.

State Agencies, Wetlands, and LWCF Grant Projects

State Agencies and LWCF

The 2021–2025 SCORP provides an Action Plan for state agencies that are eligible to receive LWCF funding. California's Public Resource Code §5099.12 establishes how the annual federal apportionment is allocated. The following sets a plan for California's state agencies that are eligible to receive LWCF funding per California's Public Resource Code §5099.12.

Crystal Cove State Park $1,000,000 LWCF grant in 1983–1984 for development.

Mount Tamalpais State Park $734,000 in 1971–1972 for acquisition.

Sunset at Crystal Cove State Beach.
Mount Tamalpais mountains with trees and fog.
State Parks

With 280 state park units, over 340 miles of coastline, 970 miles of lake and river frontage, 15,000 campsites, and 4,500 miles of trails, California's state parks contain the largest and most diverse recreational, natural, and cultural heritage holdings of any state agency in the nation.

In 2015, a report named A New Vision for California State Parks, provided recommendations which led to State Parks Final Transformation Progress Report (May 2017). This completed process is informing this current SCORP. State Parks is also engaged in a new planning process called "A Path Forward 2026" which will inform future priorities.

The 2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for California State Parks LWCF Projects

These priorities, which are also applicable to LWCF projects, were derived from the Transformation Action Plan and the Parks Forward Commission's Vision.

LWCF State Park projects must provide for public outdoor recreation and meet at least one of these priorities.

  1. Protect and enhance California's iconic outdoor landscapes and natural resources through projects that are accessible to Californians while welcoming visitors from around the world.
  2. Engage and inspire younger generations.
  3. Promote healthy lifestyles and communities.
  4. Create meaningful connections and relevancy to people.
  5. Work with new and existing partners to improve and expand facilities, and garner more resources (such as matching funds for LWCF grants).
  6. Expand park access for all Californians.
Department of Fish and Wildlife

The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) manages and protects the state's fish, wildlife, plant, and native habitats upon which they depend. CDFW is responsible for related recreational, commercial, scientific, and educational uses. CDFW joined with the California Wildlife Conservation Board (WCB) to develop WCB's 2014 Strategic Vision Plan (Plan). A 2019 Plan Update outlines the ever-changing wildlife, fisheries, hunting, and state conservation policies to meet both departments overall missions and objectives. Both WCB and CDFW work cooperatively to implement mutual conservation efforts.

Jedediah Smith State Park $933,000 LWCF grants from 1980–1986 for acquisition.
Anza Borrego State Park $927,000 LWCF grants from 1974–1987 for acquisition.
Humboldt Redwoods State Park $2,400,000 grants from 1970–1986 for acquisition.
Cardiff State Beach $675,000 grant in 1972–1973 for acquisition.
Teaching recreational fishing to the next generation.
Wildlife Conservation Board

WCB was created by legislation in 1947 to administer a capital outlay program for wildlife conservation and related public recreation. WCB is a separate and independent board with authority and funding to carry out an acquisition and development program for wildlife conservation. The primary responsibilities of WCB are to select, authorize and allocate funds for the purchase of land and waters suitable for recreation purposes and the preservation, protection and restoration of wildlife habitat, which includes authorizing the construction of facilities for recreational purposes on property in which it has a proprietary interest.

In 2014, the WCB revealed its 2014 Strategic Plan (Plan). The Plan described a series of goals, strategic directions and objectives, and priorities centered around public access and conservation investments. The Plan continues to serve WCB well, however, since the art and science of conservation changed substantially during the last five years, an update to the Plan was created in 2019 to capture those changes. The 2019 Plan Update was created to align new strategic initiatives and objectives with current and anticipated funding sources, public conservation policy, and current conservation trends. Within the 2019 Plan Update, these five objectives emphasize efforts to continue public access work and embrace new access modes and opportunities.

2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for WCB and CDFW LWCF Projects:

For both the WCB and CDFW, LWCF projects must provide for public outdoor recreation access, and meet at least one of these priorities:

  1. Invest in projects providing public access for disadvantaged or severely disadvantaged communities.
  2. Invest in projects providing boating/fishing/hunting access to disadvantaged communities and providing additional facilities for mobility-impaired visitors and/or access compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act.
  3. Invest in projects that provide hunting or fishing opportunities.
  4. Invest in projects that have a primary or secondary purpose of non-consumptive wildlife recreation, such as bird watching or hiking.
  5. Conduct community meetings, with one being in a disadvantaged community, that provides information on a project and the availability for public input.
  6. Acquisition and restoration projects in areas identified as habitat for vulnerable species or as highly resilient to climate change.
  7. Increase habitat for sensitive species to support biodiversity through statewide protection or restoration of oak woodlands, riparian habitat, rangeland, grazing land, and grassland habitat.
McArthur-Burney Falls Memorial State Park.
Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park.
Department of Water Resources

The Department of Water Resources (DWR), under the California Natural Resources Agency, manages California's water resources, and infrastructure, including the State Water Project (SWP). DWR operates and maintains a complex water storage and supply system, transporting water more than 600 miles from north to south in California. The following Action Plan items come from DWR's responsibilities and duties, as well as different plans including the State Water Project (SWP), the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Reduction Plan, and the Urban Water Management Plans (UWMP).

2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for DWR's LWCF Projects: DWR projects for LWCF must provide for public outdoor recreation access, and meet at least one of these priorities:

  1. Provide for one or more of the following recreational opportunities, including but not limited to camping, boating, water skiing, swimming, hiking, bicycling, picnicking, fishing and hunting.
  2. Ensure public safety.
  3. Restore habitats.
  4. Meet the GHG emissions reduction goals and strategies for the near-term (present to 2020) and long-term to 2050 per Phase I of the GHG Emissions Reduction Plan.
  5. Reduce landscape water by using recycled water per the 2015 UMWP Guidebook.
Paddling at Castaic Lagoon Recreation Area.
State Coastal Conservancy

The State Coastal Conservancy (Conservancy) is a state agency, established in 1976, to protect and improve natural lands and waterways, to help people get to and enjoy the outdoors, and to sustain local economies along California's coast. The Conservancy is a non-regulatory agency that supports projects to protect coastal resources and increase opportunities for the public to enjoy the coast. The Conservancy also is responsible for the following:

  • Implementing statewide resource plans through its projects, including the California Water Action Plan, the Wildlife Action Plan, and many others.
  • Working along the entire length of California's coast and within the watersheds of rivers and streams that extend inland from the coast.
  • Working throughout the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area and the entire Santa Ana River watershed.
  • Providing technical assistance and grant funding to local communities, nonprofit organizations, other government agencies, businesses, and private landowners to implement multi-benefit projects, including protecting the natural and scenic beauty of the coast, enhancing wildlife habitat, and helping the public to get to and enjoy beaches and parklands.

The Conservancy's Strategic Plan, 2018–2022, communicates the role of the Conservancy in protecting coastal resources for all Californians, particularly underserved populations, such as disadvantaged communities, persons with disabilities, tribes, and others that disproportionally confront barriers to health and well-being and face increased vulnerability to environmental issues. The complete Strategic Plan can be viewed at scc.ca.gov/files/ 2019/10/Strategic-Plan-2018-2022-AB434.pdf

The following goals are found in both the Coastal Conservancy's Strategic Plan and the Explore the Coast Overnight Assessment of Low-Cost Coastal Accommodations Report. The complete assessment report can be found here: scc.ca.gov/files/2019/10/Explore-the-Coast-Overnight-Assessment-AB4343.pdf

LWCF State Coastal Conservancy projects must meet at least one of these priorities:

  1. Construct new regionally significant trail segments (including the California Coastal Trail, San Francisco Bay Trail, San Francisco Ridge Trail, San Francisco Water Trail, Santa Ana River Trails). This goal includes funding acquisitions and construction projects necessary to work towards completing these critical regional and state-wide public access resources. (Strategic Plan Goals 1, 2, 12)
  2. Fund acquisition, restoration, and enhancement projects that create parks and open space for park-poor communities and in coastal habitats, including coastal wetlands and inter-tidal areas, stream corridors, dunes, coastal terraces, coastal sage scrub, forests, and coastal prairie, and fund planning and implementation to enhance the resiliency of coastal communities and public access amenities to the impacts of climate change. (Strategic Plan Goals 2, 7, 11B, 12)
  3. Implement recommendations in the Coastal Conservancy's Explore the Coast Overnight Assessment of Low Cost Coastal Accommodations including creating, improving, preserving, and maintaining coastal low cost overnight accommodations to serve the great diversity of California residents, and enhance the public's experience when visiting the coast. Activities covered in these recommendations include acquiring properties, and partnering with non-governmental organizations, public agencies and private sector actors with the capacity to maintain and manage these facilities (and Strategic Plan Goals 3D and 3E). For purpose of the LWCF, this may include development of coastal camping sites.
  4. Fund construction of new facilities, or reconstruction of dilapidated and unsafe facilities, such as picnic areas, piers, parking lots, restrooms, natural play spaces, and interpretive or educational displays to increase and enhance coastal recreational opportunities and enable people to enjoy natural, cultural, and historical resources. (Strategic Plans Goals 2, 9, 12)
  5. Implement and support the Coastal Conservancy's Explore the Coast Grant Program which provides equitable coastal experiences to lower-income or other underserved populations; increases the number of people visiting the coast; improves access for persons with disabilities; provides valuable recreational, environmental, cultural or historic learning experiences; increases stewardship of coastal resources; and enhances the public's coastal experience in a way that does not currently exist. (Goals 9, 12L, 12M)
Californians enjoying beach recreation and coastal access (photos from State Coastal Conservancy).
LWCF Process for Annual State Agency Allocations

DPR's Community Engagement Division/Office of Grants and Local Services (OGALS) is the lead for working with the National Park Service (NPS) to administer LWCF grants. LWCF is subject to annual federal apportionment with unpredictable amounts and timing. In recent years, California received approximately $10–20 million annually. NPS makes the funds available to states annually through a "Funding Certificate." When the "Funding Certificate" is received, NPS may begin to obligate the LWCF funds to projects recommended by OGALS.

California's Public Resource Code §5099.12 establishes how the annual federal apportionment is allocated. California's Public Resource Code §5099.12 divides the federal funding in the following manner:

  1. LWCF Team deducts the administrative Indirect Cost Rate (approx. 7% subject to annual federal negotiation).
  2. LWCF Team deducts the 6% for the Director's Contingency Fund.
  3. 60% of the result is allocated to Local Agency (non-state) Competitive Fund.

The balance (40%) goes to State Agency Allocations:

  1. 60% (of the 40%) to DPR.
  2. 35% (of the 40%) to WCB/CDFW.
  3. 5% (of the 40%) to DWR.

The State Coastal Conservancy is eligible to request LWCF funding from the Director's Contingency Fund (#2 above) by submitting an eligible LWCF project application as described below. Otherwise, the Director's Fund is combined with the Local Agency Competitive Fund.

For all state and local agencies, the following process ensures project applications are prepared to obligate all funds made available to California.

Application timeline for state agencies:

  1. The LWCF Competitive Supervisor informs (via email) eligible state agencies of the estimated amount available approximately six months before applications are due. For each state agency, the LWCF Competitive Supervisor should work with the person responsible for determining the highest priority LWCF project(s) on behalf of the agency.
  2. Applications are typically due in February (approximately six months after 1 above). Each State agency will be provided with a complete application package.
  3. Applications must be submitted to NPS by May (approximately nine months after 1 above). Prior to submission, applications are reviewed by OGALS and additional guidance is provided to the state agency as needed within two months of receipt. Further guidance will also be provided by OGALS if NPS requests it.

The following options are available to state agencies to ensure that all funds made available to California, including "Special Reapportionment Funds," are obligated. If a state agency does not wish to submit an application, the agency can proceed with Option B or C below.

Option A: State agency submits an application within the specified timeframe.*

Option B: State agency nominates another eligible agency (state or local public agency) to receive the funding. That agency then proceeds with an application within the specified timeframe.*

Option C: State agency elects for the funds to go to Local Agency Competitive Fund for disbursement.

* Obligating all funds to prevent reversions: If an application submitted through Option A or Option B above is not complete by May, then the funds will automatically be redirected to the Local Agency Competitive Fund to ensure that all funds will be obligated. The state agency may reapply in subsequent years.

Mount Diablo State Park $1,900,000 grant in 1974–1987 for acquisition.
Mendocino Headlands State Park

Protection of Natural Resources

Another important benefit of parks includes the protection of natural resources needed for all life. Protection roles include:

Conservation of biodiversity — California is well-renowned for the richness of its plant and animal species, and for their uniqueness. Parks and other protected space are vital to ensure natural balance.

Green Infrastructure — In metropolitan areas, parks capture rain water and storm flows. These "green solutions" help control sediment, flooding, urban heat island effects and pollution.

Iconic landscapes — Areas of outstanding beauty are frequently preserved in parks — special view points, coastlines, bays, meadows, valleys, and mountain ranges are all vital to California's heritage and well-being, which motivate people to protect and support parks.

The natural resource value of parks becomes more important every year as the press of population growth challenges landscapes and natural systems. California's Department of Finance predicts that the total population of the state of California will reach nearly 44,000,000 people by the year 2040.

Continued investments in the state's parks, wildlife and ecological areas, trails, natural resources, and greening urban areas will help mitigate the effects of climate change. Thus, making cities more livable and protecting California's natural resources for future generations.

Wetlands Conservation

The future of wetlands is a critical matter. Therefore, each SCORP includes priorities for wetlands.

Ninety percent of the original inland wetland landscapes of California have been lost. These losses are due to agriculture, urban development, and other human actions.

Coastal wetland loss is even more severe, with only 5% of original wetlands remaining.

Wetlands are important because they:

  • Are vital for ecological sustainability, especially migrating birds and many fish species.
  • Safeguard water quality, help with flood water management, shoreline erosion, and groundwater recharge.
  • Help manage sea level rise impacts by softening storm surge and lowering flood heights.
  • Provide ecosystem services — economically and socially valuable functions to human society, often worth billions of dollars.
  • Offer outstanding recreation — they are magnets for ecotourism, wildlife viewing, fishing, hunting, boating, and paddling.

California's Wetland Conservation Policy mandates no overall net loss and a long-term net gain in the quantity, quality, and permanence of wetland acreage. As such, wetlands are protected by many federal and state laws, regulations, and policies to prevent further degradation and destruction.

Implementation of this policy is guided in part by the California Wetland Program Plan 2017–2022 ( waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/cwa401/docs/ca_wetland_program_plan_2017_2022_signed.pdf) which serves as a comprehensive statewide strategy to direct and measure California's progress toward improving its existing wetland programs.

The California Wetland Monitoring Workgroup

The workgroup (mywaterquality.ca.gov/monitoring_council/wetland_workgroup/index.html) includes federal, state and local agencies working to "coordinate monitoring activities, establish priorities, resolve existing inconsistencies, and facilitate communication among agencies and with wetlands conservation stakeholders." This included development of the Wetland and Riparian Area Monitoring Plan (WRAMP) ( mywaterquality.ca.gov/monitoring_council/wetland_workgroup/wramp/index.html) California Rapid Assessment Method (CRAM) ( cramwetlands.org) and the California EcoAtlas (ecoatlas.org).

Two pintail ducks in flight. Wetlands provide habitat for many species of waterfowl across the state. Photo by Jon Myatt/USFWS.
In winter, thousands of geese use wetlands as stopovers on their long migrations. Photo by Jon Myatt/USFWS.

2021–2025 SCORP Action Plan for Wetlands

Increasing the inventory of California Wetlands under federal 6(f)(3) protection through the efforts of multiple agencies is a priority for the National Park Service.

  1. Create new wetlands where they previously existed and have been destroyed.
  2. Acquire existing but unprotected wetlands to hold in public trust.
  3. Restore, where needed, the quality of existing wetlands owned by public agencies.
  4. LWCF grants for wetlands will include public access for recreation and educational opportunities.
Paddling in Santa Rosa
Cuyamaca Rancho State Park in San Diego County, $800,000 LWCF grant in 1976–1977 for acquisition.

Action Plan
Summary for 2021–2025

The LWCF (LWCF) is a federal program established in 1964 to provide matching grants for both recreation and natural resource conservation. Section 6(f)(3) of the LWCF Act helps ensure that parkland acquired or developed by the program remains for outdoor recreation use in perpetuity. The 2021–2025 SCORP's LWCF Action Plan sets Project Selection Criteria priorities to be detailed in the LWCF Application Guides for local and state agencies. The priorities in this SCORP may also set a vision for other statewide, regional, and local action from other funding sources.

Use geospatial technology to identify park access priorities

Design parks using public planning methods learned from California's Statewide Park Development and Community Revitalization Program.

LWCF grant projects will address at least one of these focus group priorities:

  • Create new park access.
  • Construct facilities to support different interests of all age groups, including multi-generational activities in new or existing parks.
  • Include safety and beautification enhancements to make new or existing parks appear welcoming.
  • Build recreation features that are designed to support healthy lifestyles in new or existing parks.
  • Preserve outdoor recreation areas by placing land under new 6(f)(3) protection.

Encourage Health Partnerships.

Restore Wetlands.

Achieve State Agency LWCF priorities through annual allocations.

Located at Fort Bragg's former Georgia Pacific Lumber Mill, a $4.8 million Statewide Park Program grant and Coastal Conservancy funding created this new coastal access park with a ten acre recreation field, four miles of multi-use trails, native habitat restoration, welcome plaza, restrooms, and parking lot.
From fitness courses to boating programs, from equestrian centers to skate parks, sports courts, and play areas, Californians rely on parks that enrich our lives and health.

ParksforCalifornia.org

The online home of the 2021–2025 SCORP provides a range of user-friendly resources and tools:

The Project Gallery (left) showcases thousands of projects that have used federal and state funds to make accessible parklands.

  • Search by funding type or location, including cities, counties, and legislative districts.
  • View the results as a photo gallery or on a map.

Use the Park Access Tool (above) to get a high-level picture of park access for the entire state or any county, city, or legislative district in California.

Use the Community FactFinder (above) for site-specific data to help determine the level of need for any project area throughout California.

Department Mission

The mission of the California Department of Parks and Recreation is to provide for the health, inspiration, and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state's extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation.

Community Engagement Division Mission

Encouraging healthy communities by connecting people to parks, supporting innovative recreational opportunities, embracing diversity, fostering inclusivity, and delivering superior customer service, with integrity for the enrichment of all.